e-Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

NOTE: chapters in different languages may vary slightly in content because the core materials of the Textbook, which are initially published in English, are updated continuously. For logistic reasons, translations to other languages are not updated at the same time but only when resources are available. Not all chapters are available in all languages for the same reason

Editors: Joseph M. Rey, MD, PhD, FRANZCP & Andrés Martin MD, MPH

Editorial Advisory Board

  • Thomas M Achenbach, PhD
  • Daniel Fung, MD
  • Olayinka Omigbodun, MBBS, MPH, FMCPsych, FWACP
  • Luis A Rohde, MD
  • Chiara Servili, MD, MPH
  • Garry Walter, MD, PhD, FRANZCP

Associate Editors

  • Priti Arun (version in Hindi)
  • Julie Chilton MD
  • David Cohen MD, PhD (version in French)
  • Flávio Dias Silva MD, MSc (version in Portuguese)
  • Priscille Gerardin MD, PhD (version in French)
  • Ioanna Giannopoulou MD, PhD (version in Greek)
  • Hesham Hamoda MD, MPH (version in Arabic)
  • Nguyen Thi Hue MD (version in Vietnamese)
  • Takahiko Inagaki MD (version in Japanese)
  • Matías Irarrázaval MD, MPH (version in Spanish)
  • Konstantinos Kotsis MD, MSc, MHCM, PhD (version in Greek)
  • Jing Liu, MD
  • Daniel Martínez Uribe (version in Spanish)
  • Dmytro Martsenkovskyi MD (version in Russian)
  • Suaad Moussa (version in Arabic)
  • Cesar Soutullo, MD, PhD
  • Paz Toren MD,MHA (version in Hebrew)
  • Florian Daniel Zepf, MD

The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Editors or of IACAPAP.

This publication seeks to describe the best treatments and practices based on the scientific evidence available at the time of writing as evaluated by the authors and may change as a result of new research findings. Readers need to apply this knowledge to patients in accordance with the guidelines and laws of their country of practice. Some medications may not be available in some countries and readers should consult information about the specific drug since not all dosages and unwanted effects are mentioned.

Organizations, publications and websites are cited or linked to illustrate issues or as a source of further information. This does not mean that authors, the editors or IACAPAP endorse their content or recommendations, which should be critically assessed by the reader. Websites may also change or cease to exist.

©IACAPAP 2019. This is an open-access publication under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License. Use, distribution and reproduction in any medium are allowed without prior permission provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial.

Suggested citation: JM Rey’s IACAPAP e-Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Rey JM & Martin A (eds). Geneva: International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions, 2019